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Croatia

Geographical position:
Croatia extends from the furthest eastern edges of the Alps in the north-west to the Pannonian lowlands and the banks of the Danube in the east; its central region is covered by the Dinara mountain range, and its southern parts extend to the coast of the Adriatic Sea.

Surface:
The mainland covers 56,594 km2; surface area of territorial waters totals 31,067 km2.

Population:
4,437,460 inhabitants; composition of population: the majority of the population are Croats; national minorities are Serbs, Slovenes, Hungarians, Bosnians, Italians, Czechs and others.

System of government:
Multi-party parliamentary republic.

Capital:
Zagreb (779,145 inhabitants), the economic, traffic, cultural and academic centre of the country.

Coastlinee:
5,835.3 km, of which 4,058 km comprise the coastlines of islands, solitary rocks and reefs.

Number of islands, solitary rocks and reefs:
1,185; the largest islands are Cres and Krk; there are 47 inhabited islands.

Highest peak:
Dinara: 1,831 m above sea level.

Climate:
Croatia has three climate zones; the prevailing climate in the country's interior is moderately rainy; on the highest peaks, a forest climate with snow falls, while the areas along the Adriatic coast have a pleasantly mild Mediterranean climate with a large number of sunny days; summers are dry and hot, winters mild and wet with significant precipitations. Average temperatures in the interior: January -2 to 0o C, somewhat lower at the highest altitudes; August - about 20 oC and about 12 oC on the highest peaks. Average temperature in the littoral: January - 5 to 9 oC, August - 22 to 25 oC; sea temperature in winter: 2 oC; in summer, about 25 oC

Currency:
kuna (1 kuna = 100 lipa). Foreign currency can be exchanged in banks, exchange offices, post offices, travel agencies, hotels, camps, marinas; cheques can be cashed in banks.

Adriatic Sea:
The Adriatic spans from the Balkan to the Apennine peninsula.
The part belonging to the Republic of Croatia is the eastcoast which extends all the way from Prevlaka in the south to cape Savudrija in the west,including all islands, islets and cliffs along the coast,and the archipelago of Palagruza (the number of islands, islets and cliffs is more than 1700). This is a unique area in Europe forcruising with motor boats, speedboats, or sailboats, but also for enjoying the underwater world

Source: HTZ